Louis Raymond experiments in his own gardens like

a mad scientist, searching out plants that most people have

never seen before & figuring out how to make them perform.- The Boston Globe

…Louis Raymond ensures that trees can grow in Brooklyn…

or just about any other place where concrete consumes

the dirt and skyscrapers shield the sunshine.- USA Today


NEW Trips to Take!

Myrtle's easy when the conditions are right.


NEW Plants to Try!

Louis tries to capture the exact words to describe the fleeting but deep pleasures to be found in these Summer-into-Autumn incredibles.


New Gardening to Do!

Allergic to bees? You can still have an exciting garden, full of flowers and color and wildlife.


Plant Profiles

Today in the Garden of a Lifetime: Cardoon


Cardoons are perennial, and a clump can live for decades. But they aren't solidly hardy in climates colder than Zone 7, especially in their first Winter. Trickier still, the plants are used to being evergreen, so they don't know when it's time to retreat underground for the Winter. If they can be helped to survive it, then their maximum hardiness kicks in, and they're likely to survive for the long term.


By last December, my first-year clumps of Cynara cardunculus were ready for "extreme" mulching. Today, the happy results.


Here's how to grow cardoons.

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