Louis Raymond experiments in his own gardens like

a mad scientist, searching out plants that most people have

never seen before & figuring out how to make them perform.- The Boston Globe

…Louis Raymond ensures that trees can grow in Brooklyn…

or just about any other place where concrete consumes

the dirt and skyscrapers shield the sunshine.- USA Today


NEW Trips to Take!

Myrtle's easy when the conditions are right.


NEW Plants to Try!

Louis tries to capture the exact words to describe the fleeting but deep pleasures to be found in these Summer-into-Autumn incredibles.


New Gardening to Do!

Allergic to bees? You can still have an exciting garden, full of flowers and color and wildlife.


Plant Profiles

The Best Season Ever: Seven-Son Tree in "Afterbloom"

The countless white flowers of seven-son tree are showy in themselves, and are even more welcome because they lead to countless deep pink doodads that last into October. Truth to tell, these are even showier than the flowers—and a heckuva lot more obscure.

Heptacodium miconioides mature calyces 092317 320 

After all, blooms are about petals, pistils, and pollen. We all know more or less what they are. The pink doodads? Much quirkier.

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Cypress Vine's September Seedlings

Cypress vine germinates readily, grows quickly, begins flowering when still a toddler, and doesn't stop until cut down by frost. Over the growing season, then, many hundreds of its flowers come and go. And because they are popular with hummingbirds as well as butterflies, it's no surprise that at least some of those flowers might mature to seeds. And that some of those seeds might fall to the ground & germinate.

Ipomoea quamoclit fingers 093017 320

Cypress vine plants aren't hardy even in subtopical Miami, but its seeds are reportedly hardy into climates as severe as those of coastal Maine. How rampant must this vine be where both plants and seeds are fully hardy!

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Waking Up the Frangipani

Frangipani in bloom is one of the iconic thrills of the tropics. In almost every color but blue, flowers emerge in large clusters month after month after month. No wonder the temptation is strong to grow frangipani in a container, enjoying it anywhere it can receive sufficient warmth and sun.

Plumeria cuttings making progress in rooting 091017 320

But first it must come into leaf. And to come into leaf, the tree must be rooted-in and thriving. Frangipani are typically propagated from cuttings that, conveniently, can be shipped anywhere as leafless, rootless, dormant sections of stem. The suspense is in waking up such a cutting, so that it takes root, begins forming foliage, and—eventually— favors you with glorious flowers. I'm discovering just how much patience that wake-up can require.

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Seven-Son Tree in Bloom

September is a miracle month for any woody plant just entering into bloom. Not still flowering since July and August (take that, Rose of Sharon), nor drying-gracefully-in-place since June (take that, hydrangeas). I mean fresh-as-a-daisy flowering, with just-now-getting-up-on-the-horse-for-that-first-trot-around-the-track-in-September blooms. Like, say, this singular species of ornamental tree from Asia, the seven-son tree.

Heptacodium miconioides upper wands 091117 320

The flowers are sparkly white, fragrant, and in large clusters that seem to tip every stem. And, in New England at least, they are at their peak in September. Astoundingly, this floral show is merely the prelude to another display in October that's even more intriguing. Now that I think of it, seven-son flower puts on a memorable display each season. Year-round, this is one essential tree.

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The Best Season Ever: Copper Spoons & Friends

Although all hundred-plus species of kalanchoe are hardy only in dry subtropics and tropics, some of them are so eccentric, easy, and ornamental that they are essential container specimens everywhere. My kalanchoe collection is still modest but, even so, each member is is so distinct that you can enjoy its best view only by orienting yourself very specifically.

Kalanchoe orgyalis Kalanchoe luciae side 090217 320

On the left is paddle plant, whose nesting pairs of large leaves are particularly stunning when seen from the side. At the right is copper spoons, which is merely grey and tan from this vantage. But from above? Thrilling!

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The Best Season Ever: Ehemanii Canna

When you've drunk the Koolaid as deeply as I have—in this case, from the cup labeled "Cannas! Yum!"—each little difference, one cultivar to the next, can send you soaring.


And with cannas, there are zillions of differences among the many hundreds of cultivars: overall size; leaf shape, size, color, and variegation; flowers, ditto; tubers, ditto; showy stems or seeds; and aquatic or terrestrial habitats. Perhaps most elusive is current societal verdict: is a given canna now perceived as tacky, elegant, classic (but still possibly tacky), shocking-but-fun, shockingly-new-but-fun, or downright kick-ass?

Canna x ehemanii 081917 320

Canna x ehemannii defines its own category: classic, difficult to source, and—unique in all cannas—with pendulous flowers. After many years of not finding Ehemanii (or not finding it before the sources were sold out for that season), I finally scored. It will now be mine forever. When you've drunk the Canna Koolaid, this is big news.

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